"Beer is living proof that God loves us and
wants us to be happy." Benjamin Franklin
And when Benjamin Franklin was touting the benefits of good beer, he did it at Tun Tavern, built at Penn's Landing, Philadelphia, PA in 1685.
At the first meeting of the "Free & Accepted Masons" in 1732, Franklin honorably led the Society of Free Masons as their Grand Master. In 1749, the oldest known existing charity in the US, "Saint Andrew's Society," convened for the first time at Tun Tavern.
What is beer?
Beer is obtained by the alcoholic fermentation of a malted cereal, usually barley malt with or without other starchy material, and to which hops have been added. The word "lager" is derived from the German verb "lagern" and means "to store."
What is lager beer?
Lager Beer, which accounts for about 90% of all malt beverage production in America, is distinguished by the fact that the wort (the resulting brew of malt, prepared cereals like corn or rice, hops and water) is fermented by yeast of the bottom fermentation type (i.e. yeast which settles to the bottom of the fermenting tanks), and then is stored in refrigerated cellars for maturing and clarification.
What is the average composition of beer?
A typical American beer will contain 91% water, 4.6% carbohydrates in the form of maltose and dextrins, 0.5% protein substances, 0.2% mineral salts, and 3.59% alcohol by weight. It also contains such essential vitamins as thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, panthithenic acid and pyridoxine, among others. All of the constituents of beer are readily assimilated.
What is bock beer?
Usually prepared for consumption in the spring, bock is a heavy beer, dark brown in color and richer in taste than lager.
What is porter?
Also a top-fermentation beer, porter is heavier and darker than ale, more malty in flavor, less hoppy but sweeter in taste. Some high dried and roasted malt is used.
What is malt liquor?
A bottom fermented beer, malt liquor is made from a wort containing a high percentage of fermentable sugars. The product is generally fruit and spicy in flavor and has a somewhat higher alcohol content than regular beer.
What is ale?
A most popular drink in England, ale is fermented by yeast of the top-fermenting type. It has a pale bright color, a rather pronounced hop flavor and a more tart taste than lager. Its alcohol content is higher than lager, being from 4.0 to 5.0% alcohol by weight.
What is stout?
Top-fermented, stout is similar to porter. Very dark in color, it has a strong malt flavor and a sweet taste, but is heavier than porter and has a stronger hop character.
What is near beer?
Near beer, or cereal beverage, is a bottom-fermented beer from which most of the alcohol has been removed so that it contains less than 0.5% alcohol. Its taste is somewhat less "beery" in character than that of regular beer.
What is the mashing process?
A fundamental step in brewing, mashing is the mixing of the dry material (the malt and the adjunct) with water in proper relative quantities at a suitable temperature for the proper length of time. The resultant solution is called "wort" and the sum of the soluble matter in wort is called "extract." It is the wort extract that is then used to make the beer; the residue (spent grains) is usually sold as fodder.
What is meant by yield?
The word "yield" refers to the pounds of dry extract obtained from the raw materials used.
What is understood by fermentation in a brewery?
Fermentation is the process of splitting sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide by the action of yeast. It is probably the most decisive phase in the entire brewing process for the attainment of brews of fine taste and aroma.
What is brewers' yeast?
It is a unicellular organism belonging to the group of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This group is divide into two major classes; top-fermenting and bottom-fermenting. Because of the importance of fermentation, the care breweries take in preserving the purity of their yeast is easily understandable.
How long is beer normally stored?
The young fermented beer is allowed to mature or age for a period of one to two months.
Why is beer filtered prior to bottling or racking?
To obtain brilliancy and clarity (since all yeast and protein matter is not deposited completely) beer is filtered prior to bottling or racking.
What is meant by pasteurization?
Resulting from the research of the French scientist, Louis Pasteur, pasteurization represents the heat treatment of beer in order to kill or inhibit yeast and bacteria. It increases the biological stability (and shelf-life) of beer and is accomplished by passing the bottled beer through heated water or heated water spray prior to cartoning. Draught beer is not pasteurized.